Juan Carlos Arango
Kelli Williams Gary
Employment Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury: Does Race/Ethnicity Matter?
Juan Carlos Arango, Ph.D., VCU PM & R
Kelli Williams Gary, Ph.D., MPH, OTR/L, VCU Rehab Counseling
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating conditions in the United States.
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the most prevalent and debilitating conditions in the United States. Of the estimated 1.4 million individuals who sustain a TBI annually, about 1.1 million are treated and released from emergency departments, 235,000 are hospitalized, and 80,000 to 90,000 experience permanent disability from their injury. TBI typically affects an individual either early in their productive years or once they have established a productive life. Besides the economic impact of lost years of work on the individual, family, and society, research indicates that employment is one of the most important psychosocial predictors of well-being, quality of life, social integration, and recovery in survivors with TBI.