Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Schaller, J., & Yang, N. K. (2005). Competitive employment for people with autism correlates of successful closure in competitive and supported employment. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49 (1), 4-16.
Title:  Competitive employment for people with autism correlates of successful closure in competitive and supported employment
Authors:  Schaller, J., & Yang, N. K.
Year:  2005
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Publisher:  PRO-ED
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1177/00343552050490010201
Full text:  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/00343552050490010201    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  Differences in rates of case closure, case service cost, hours worked per week, and weekly wage between customers with autism closed successfully in competitive employment and supported employment were found using the Rehabilitation Service Administration national database of 2001.
Purpose:  The purpose of the study was to examine the following research questions: 1. Are customers with autism who received services for competitive employment statis- tically significantly different from customers with autism who received supported em- ployment services on successful case closure rates, hours worked per week, earnings per week, and average case service cost? 2. Are customer demographic and case service variables statistically significantly related to successful closure in competitive employ- ment for customers with autism who did not receive supported employment services? 3. Are customer demographic and case service variables statistically significantly related to successful closure in competitive employ- ment for customers with autism who did re- ceive supported employment?
Setting:  None
Study sample:  Participants were 450 customers with autism who received services for competitive employment and 365 customers with autism who received supported employment services, for a total of 815 individuals,
Intervention:  The design for this study was correlational, statistically measuring alternative explanations for successful closure
Control or comparison condition:  Participants were 450 customers with autism who received services for competitive employment and 365 customers with autism who received supported employment services,
Data collection and analysis:  Logistic regression, Pearson and Kendall’s tau-b correlations were used
Findings:  Research Question 1, results of the present study indicate that customers closed in supported employment had a statistically significantly higher overall successful closure rate (75.3%) than cus- tomers closed in competitive employment (58.4%) for the fiscal year of data analyzed. Research Question 2, for customers with autism in competitive employment, considering demographic variables only, the demographic variables statistically significantly related to successful closure were increased age, 10 to 12 and 13 to 15 years of education, and not having a secondary disability. In the present study, as age increased from 21 years up to 45 years, so did the percent of individuals closed successfully within each age group. Research question 3, when considering only demographic variables for customers with autism who received supported employment services, being African American was negatively statistically significantly related to successful closure.
Conclusions:  Case service variables related to successful competitive employment included job finding, job placement, and maintenance. Of customer demographic variables related to successful supported employment, White customers were more likely to be closed successfully. Job placement was the case service variable related to successful supported employment.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Interventions:  Supported employment