Experiences and Employment of Veterans with Amputations
Amy Armstrong, Ph.D., C.R.C.
Benjamin Darter,, P.T., Ph.D.
Carolyn Hawley, Ph.D., C.R.C
Amy Armstrong, Ph.D., is chair and associate professor in the Department of Rehabilitation Counseling at Virginia Commonwealth University. She has been involved in advocacy, education and employment issues related to individuals with disabilities for over 25 years. She has extensive experience providing national personnel training on disability-related issues, employment of marginalized populations, leadership and motivational topics. Armstrong has held a variety of community agency positions including both direct service and management at the local, regional and national levels (including the National United Cerebral Palsy Association and the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Supported Employment/Workplace Supports). Her interests include the employment of individuals with significant disabilities, community re-integration, resilience, leadership and personal/professional transformation. She received an M.A. in Rehabilitation Counseling from Michigan State University and a Ph.D. in Education from VCU.
Benjamin Darter, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Physical Therapy at Virginia Commonwealth University as well as an adjunct with the US Army-Baylor University Physical Therapy Program. His primary research and clinical interests are in the areas of rehabilitation following extremity amputation, optimization of gait performance, and overall health promotion. He teaches courses in Cardiopulmonary Physical Therapy and Applied Exercise Physiology in the entry level Doctor of Physical Therapy program.
Carolyn Hawley, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Rehabilitation Counseling at Virginia Commonwealth University. She has over 13 years of experience related to counseling, training, research and education in employment and community service needs of people with disabilities. She completed a fellowship at McGill University's International Centre on Youth Gambling Problems and High-Risk Behaviors and has worked in programs specializing in traumatic brain injury rehabilitation. Dr. Hawley has served on state and national boards. She has experience managing grants through the National Science Foundation and the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research. Her research interests include problem gambling, disability management in the workplace, and the community re-integration needs of veterans. She obtained her M.S. in Rehabilitation Counseling at the University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee; and her Ph.D., at Virginia Commonwealth University.