The Use of Self-Management Strategies for Increasing the Appropriate Hygiene of Persons with Disabilities in Supported Employment Settings
Brushing your teeth, wiping your mouth after eating and shaving are tasks often taken for granted, seen as "common sense." Looking presentable helps to make a good impression in social relationships as well as in the work setting. But suppose these skills have not been learned... What if the individual does not realize the benefits of good personal hygiene or that they are even "guilty" of a faux pas in the first place? This is a concern particularly for some people with developmental disabilities. Self-management skills, the techniques that give a person the ability to monitor him or herself, can help.
Personal hygiene for anyone, particularly people in supported employment settings, influences:
Considerations for termination
With this study, three individuals were used who:
Have developmental disabilities
Work in supported employment settings
And had hygiene issues negatively affecting their:
Employer evaluations &
Break down the steps of the particular hygiene issue into a checklist form
Model how to perform the tasks (and had them repeat the steps)
Provide them with feedback and praise
Teach the individuals to self-reinforce by establishing a motivating reward.
All three participants had favorable increases in their hygiene skills. Findings such as this support the notion that learning self-management skills for personal hygiene is helpful for persons with developmental disabilities. The use of these strategies can lead to improvements in quality of life by influencing employability, less reliance on others, and facilitates social relationships as well.
Traviss Garff, J., & Storey, K. (1998). The use of self-management strategies for increasing the appropriate hygiene of persons with disabilities in supported employment settings. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 33(2), 179-188.