Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  McDonough, J., Ham, W., Brooke, A., Wehman, P., Wright, T., Godwin, J., Junod, P.& Hurst, R. (2020). Health Care Executive Perceptions of Hiring and Retention Practices for Persons with Disabilities: Results from Executive Focus Groups.. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin,
Title:  Health Care Executive Perceptions of Hiring and Retention Practices for Persons with Disabilities: Results from Executive Focus Groups.
Authors:  McDonough, J., Ham, W., Brooke, A., Wehman, P., Wright, T., Godwin, J., Junod, P.& Hurst, R.
Year:  2020
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Publisher:  Sage
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1177/0034355220915766
Full text:  https://journals-sagepub-com.proxy.library.vcu.edu/doi/full/10.1177...    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  The supply-side approach to providing services without taking into account employer practices has not been effective in achieving meaningful, competitive, and integrated employment outcomes for people with disabilities. This focus neglects the fact that disability and employment is a two-way process with businesses being accountable for such demand-side factors as establishing better hiring, retention, and advancement practices. To initiate the identification of effective employer practices, this article shares the results of two executive focus groups that were conducted in a large health care organization, across four individual hospitals, with a documented success rate of hiring and retaining people with disabilities (PWDs). The purpose of the focus groups was to explore executive perceptions of their organization’s success at integrating PWDs throughout their work force. Results are explored through five identified themes: (a) organizational mission guided decision-making concerning the employment of PWDs, (b) executives living the mission through their daily inclusive behaviors led to employing PWDs, (c) organizational values were important to employing PWDs, (d) the organization benefited from employment of PWDs, and (e) employing PWDs benefited organization staff and the surrounding community. The results of these executive focus groups provide an initial glimpse into the culture and practices of a highly effective organization.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Blindness
Cerebral palsy
Chronic mental illness
Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Down syndrome
Hearing impairment
Multiple sclerosis
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Severe physical disability
Multiple disabilities
Interventions:  Accommodations
Job search and placement assistance
Natural supports
On-the-job training and support
Supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Accommodations / modifications
Customized employment
Transition services
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition