Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Wehman, P., Targett, P. , Yasuda, S., McMannus, & Briel, L. (2007). Helping people with traumatic brain injury of minority origin: Improve career and employment outcomes. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 22 (2), 95-104.
Title:  Helping people with traumatic brain injury of minority origin: Improve career and employment outcomes
Authors:  Wehman, P., Targett, P. , Yasuda, S., McMannus, & Briel, L.
Year:  2007
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Publisher:  Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams and Wilkins
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Case history review

Structured abstract:

Background:  The need for quality employment and rehabilitation services for individuals with disabilities who are from minority racial or ethnic groups has been on the rise. Racial and ethnic minorities (ie. African and Hispanic Americans) have a disproportionately high rate of disability compared to whites. Individuals with TBI from minority groups, may face additional difficulties and challenges when attempting to return to work in addition to physical, cognitive and psycho-social problems. Vocational rehabilitation professionals need to understand how to best serve individuals with TBI who are also in a minority group.
Purpose:  The paper reviewed current literature and provided two case studies illustrate the use of supported employment and education models to serve this group as well as highlight important issues that need to be studied.
Study sample:  Two case studies were provided. One was about a 50 year old African American man who received supported employment services to assist him with gaining and maintaining employment in his community. The other was a 25 year old Hispanic female who received supported education services to assist her with returning to college post injury.
Intervention:  Two interventions were described via case studies: supported employment and supported eduction.
Data collection and analysis:  Both case studies collected information from case files data and notes as well as interviews with key support personnel.
Findings:  The man who received supported employment services required 205 hours of unital service intervention. Most of this time was spent providing case management services. Eventually, the employment specialist was able to fade from the job and provide around 3 hours of intervention per month. The woman who received supported education services received a combination of career exploration and academic strategies. This helped her complete her first two years of study as a criminal justice major.
Conclusions:  Minorities may have more case management issues (family problems, transportation, substance abuse, work place ethics). Services must be responsive to helping solve problems stemming from off the job site in order to help improve job retention. As individuals with TBI, participate in post secondary education, cultural and linguistic issues may further compound difficulties related to TBI.

Disabilities served:  Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Race: Black / African American
Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Interventions:  Supported employment
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Return to work