Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Nord, Derek; Timmons, Joe; & Lavin, Don (2015). Building economic opportunity through community development. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 42 (3), 241-245.
Title:  Building economic opportunity through community development
Authors:  Nord, Derek; Timmons, Joe; & Lavin, Don
Year:  2015
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  Employment outcomes for people with disabilities continue to be significantly worse than those without disabilities. Government-based employment services and supports continue to face major challenges in reaching the full population of people with disabilities and the outcomes have not shown notable positive changes in last decade.
Purpose:  This article discusses a potential solution to this problem, to increase the support infrastructure by exploiting the abundance of local communities.
Conclusions:  Community development to solve local unemployment for all people, including people with disabilities, is necessary to increase economic opportunities and lead to more sustainable efforts to improve employment outcomes. Capacity building through neighborhood networks that include faith-based organizations, business associations, advocacy groups, job clubs, and other community groups can be a low cost but effective way to connect people with jobs outside of the traditional disability system.

Disabilities served:  Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  Rural and remote communities
Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Adjudicated adults and youth
Consumers receiving federal financial assistance through TANF
Culturally diverse populations (e.g., African Americans, Native Americans, and non-English speaking populations)
High school dropouts / functionally illiterate persons
Persons with multiple disabilities (e.g., deaf-blindness, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse)
SSI and SSDI recipients
Sub-minimum wage employees
Youth in foster care
Interventions:  Environmental modifications
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment