Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Beutel, Till F.; Adams, Johanna; Becker, Jan; Letzel, Stephan; & Rose, Dirk-Matthias (2018). Vocational disability in teachers – influencing factors among a highly burdened sample. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 49 (2), 251-257.
Title:  Vocational disability in teachers – influencing factors among a highly burdened sample
Authors:  Beutel, Till F.; Adams, Johanna; Becker, Jan; Letzel, Stephan; & Rose, Dirk-Matthias
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-180970
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  No
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Cross-sectional

Structured abstract:

Purpose:  Early retirement caused by invalidity is a major topic of research on teacher’s health. The identification of influencing factors is important to implement appropriate prevention strategies. This study analyzes influencing factors on the subjective prognosis of long-term vocational disability in German teaching staff.
Data collection and analysis:  In this cross-sectional study we analyzed medical records of N = 515 teachers and educational staff who had attended an occupational medical/psychological consultation between 2011 and 2016. The majority were women (73.0% ; n = 375), the mean age was 49.6 (SD = 9.1) years. We used a comprehensive set of measures: work-related demands (Wuerzburg Screening) to identify occupational problems, vocational disability (SPE) and depression/anxiety (PHQ-9, GAD-7).
Findings:  Subjective prognosis of long-term vocational disability was significantly related to age, years of service, several work related strains as well as mental health symptoms. Significant predictors in a multiple logistic regression model were age (OR: 1.06), ‘limited vocational capability‘ (OR: 1.65) and ‘being loaded by work‘ (OR: 1.56).
Conclusions:  Professionals who are concerned with occupational health management should consider those factors in order to prevent or delay early retirement. Persons who are at high risk for early retirement should receive specific trainings or brief psychotherapeutic interventions.

Disabilities served:  Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  Stakeholders (family members, teachers, professionals)
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation