Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Cmar, Jennifer L.; McDonnall, Michele C.; Crudden, Adele (2018). Transportation self-efficacy and employment among individuals with visual impairments. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 48 (2), 257-268.
Title:  Transportation self-efficacy and employment among individuals with visual impairments
Authors:  Cmar, Jennifer L.; McDonnall, Michele C.; Crudden, Adele
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-180925
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Many people who are blind or visually impaired face difficulties with transportation due to their inability to drive. Accordingly, transportation is widely considered a barrier to employment for people who are blind or visually impaired, and transportation self-efficacy is a factor that may minimize the impact of this barrier.
Purpose:  The aim of this study was to examine transportation self-efficacy and its association with employment among working-age adults with visual impairments who were non-drivers.
Data collection and analysis:  This study included data from 327 people who participated in a national transportation survey of individuals with visual impairments. A multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to predict full-time employment based on transportation self-efficacy and other factors.
Findings:  Factors predicting full-time employment included census region, severity of vision loss, and years of education. Interaction effects indicated that odds of employment generally increased as transportation self-efficacy increased; however, the effect of self-efficacy was dependent upon age and age at onset of visual impairment.
Conclusions:  Transportation self-efficacy was an important predictor of employment, particularly for younger people and for those who experienced significant vision loss more recently. Vocational rehabilitation counselors and other service providers can provide support to consumers to increase their transportation self-efficacy.

Disabilities served:  Blindness
Visual impairment
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation