Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Coleman, Devon M.; Adams, James B. (2018). Survey of vocational experiences of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders, and recommendations on improving their employment. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 49 (1), 67-78.
Title:  Survey of vocational experiences of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders, and recommendations on improving their employment
Authors:  Coleman, Devon M.; Adams, James B.
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-180955
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Many adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are unemployed or underemployed.
Purpose:  The study was designed to evaluate vocational status of adults with ASD, determine barriers to employment, evaluate current government vocational services, and determine possible methods to improve employment of adults with ASD.
Data collection and analysis:  An original online vocational survey was completed by 172 participants across Arizona.
Findings:  Some participants were employed without supports (28%) or with supports (9%), in center-based (4%) or group-based (5%) employment, and 16% were in school. A high percentage were unemployed (40%), with some looking for work (27%) and some not (13%). The major barriers to employment were being unable to get past interviews (59%), not knowing what jobs to apply for (39%), not knowing what they wanted to do (22%), having difficulty keeping a job (22%), and transportation (28%). Vocational Rehabilitation services received reasonable ratings of client satisfaction, but only 20% of VR clients reported that VR services helped (9%) or somewhat helped (11%) of them find a job.
Conclusions:  Underemployment and unemployment are major problems for adults with ASD, and multiple barriers to their employment are identified. Based on the survey, recommendations are provided on how to help adults with ASD find and maintain employment.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Populations served:  Other
Interventions:  Vocational assessment
Vocational rehabilitation