Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Yamamoto, Scott H.; Alverson, Charlotte Y. (2018). Vocational rehabilitation and self-employment of people with disabilities: Factors of successful outcomes. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 48 (2), 269-283.
Title:  Vocational rehabilitation and self-employment of people with disabilities: Factors of successful outcomes
Authors:  Yamamoto, Scott H.; Alverson, Charlotte Y.
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-180937
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Many people with disabilities gain and retain paid employment through vocational rehabilitation (VR) services. Some empirical research has indicated that self-employment can be a viable employment option for people with disabilities.
Purpose:  We examined factors of successful self-employment of people with disabilities who had received vocational rehabilitation (VR) services across a recent five-year span.
Data collection and analysis:  We analyzed extant federal VR data from 2008 to 2012 from the Rehabilitation Services Administration using a special type of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique known as the Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) modeling to conduct validation and invariance testing.
Findings:  The national model produced reasonable fit, but there was some regional misfit in the invariance models. These results were similar to those from another similar study that used MIMIC modeling on earlier federal VR data from the RSA.
Conclusions:  The generalizability of the MIMIC models in this study is limited; no causal inferences were or should be drawn. Using these results, further research should examine modification indices and test alternative MIMIC models of VR self-employment. Implications of this study for VR and policymakers and recommendations include changes to service provision for clients and greater flexibility in supporting self-employment based on individualization.

Disabilities served:  Multiple disabilities
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Self-employment