Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Zalewska, Agnieszka; Migliore, Alberto; Butterworth, John (2016). Self-determination, social skills, job search, and transportation: Is there a relationship with employment of young adults with autism?. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 45 (3), 225-239.
Title:  Self-determination, social skills, job search, and transportation: Is there a relationship with employment of young adults with autism?
Authors:  Zalewska, Agnieszka; Migliore, Alberto; Butterworth, John
Year:  2016
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-160825
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Job seekers’ personal traits like self-determination and social skills are often highlighted as key for achieving employment. However, a growing literature suggests that external factors should not be overlooked either, including job search strategies and transportation.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to increase knowledge about the relationships between these factors and employment of young adults with autism, within the same analytical context provided by the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 (NLTS2).
Data collection and analysis:  Chi-Square and One-Way-Anova were used to investigate the relationships between the four factors and employment of young adults with autism.
Findings:  Contrary to the prevailing literature, our findings did not confirm a relationship between employment and most of these factors. Only a subscale of self-determination—psychological empowerment—and transportation independence were associated with employment outcomes of young adults with autism.
Conclusions:  Based on the findings, we recommend that transportation independence be a component of educational programs for students with autism in preparation for their professional careers. Moreover, we recommend improving instruments and data collection practices to accurately gauge self-determination, social skills, and job search practices before concluding that these factors are not associated with employment outcomes.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Outcomes:  Full-time employment
Part-time employment
Other