Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Graham, C.W., Inge, K.j., Bogenschutz, M.D., Wehman, P., and Seward, H.E. (2018). Barriers and facilitators to employment as reported by people with physical disabilities: An across disability type analysis. Journal of Rehabilitation, 48 (2), 31.
Title:  Barriers and facilitators to employment as reported by people with physical disabilities: An across disability type analysis
Authors:  Graham, C.W., Inge, K.j., Bogenschutz, M.D., Wehman, P., and Seward, H.E.
Year:  2018
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12218
Full text:  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/sms.12218/abstract    |   MS Word   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Qualitative research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Research shows that there are many different factors which can facilitate and hinder people seeking jobs with physical disabilities, but research has not determined which factors are shared between people with different disabilities.
Purpose:  The goal of the study is to identify shared facilitating or hindering factors between people with Multiple Sclerosis, Cerebral Palsy, and Spinal Cord Injuries.
Setting:  People with MS, CP, and SCIs living in the United States were invited to participate in a telephone focus group. They were recruited through organizational websites and social media.
Study sample:  85 of the 152 individuals with various disabilites who consented to participate ended up calling into the focus groups. There were six focus group sessions for each disability: three for employed people, and three for unemployed people, for a total of 18 focus groups.
Data collection and analysis:  The participants were led via a facilitator asking questions and asking for follow-ups where appropriate. Each session took approximately an hour, and once they concluded they were transcribed by a professional service. The transcripts were analyzed for themes relating to the disabilities and helping and hindering job factors.
Findings:  The two themes common to most participants regardless of the type of disability were health problems and barriers to overcome, such as accommodation and discrimination.
Conclusions:  The findings of the study help to give a voice to those with disabilities seeking jobs, and provide valuable information about what issues they face in the job market and during employment.