Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Anderson, D., Dumont, S., Azzaria, L., Le Bourdais, M., & Noreau, L. (2007). Determinants of return to work among spinal cord injury patients: A literature review. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 27 (1), 57-68.
Title:  Determinants of return to work among spinal cord injury patients: A literature review
Authors:  Anderson, D., Dumont, S., Azzaria, L., Le Bourdais, M., & Noreau, L.
Year:  2007
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  http://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabili...    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported
Research design:  Literature review

Structured abstract:

Background:  About 60% of Spinal Cord Injuries (SCI) occur to people between the ages of 16 and 30, the time when most adults have the most career development. However, many people who have these injuries believe they are unfit to work, or have other barriers such as a lack of transportation.
Purpose:  This review aims to determine what factors enable and empower people with SCI to return to work after the injury.
Study sample:  Articles were sourced from CINAHL, EconoLit, ERIC, SWAD, Embase PsycINFO, Pubmed, and Web of Science databases. The search terms used were "return to work," "work," "employment," "Barriers," "spinal cord injury," "spine injuries," and "disability." Out of the articles used in the review, 274 were from CINAHL, Econolit, ERIC, SWAD, and Francis, 68 were from Embase, 62 were from PsycINFO, 122 were from Pubmed, and 240 were from Web of Science. Out of 730 total articles, doubles were discarded, and unrelated articles were not reviewed, leaving 101 to be studied.
Findings:  The review identified 11 factors closely associated with the return to work rate of people experiencing SCI. These are: Education, Type of employment, Severity of disability, Age, Time since injury, Gender, Marital status and social support, Vocational counselling, Medical issues caused by the SCI, The role of employers, Environment, and Professional interests.
Conclusions:  People with disabilities are an underrepresented demographic in the workforce, for a number of reasons. The research suggests that the process of returning to work differs across different times as each person adjusts to their SCI.

Disabilities served:  Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Outcomes:  Return to work