Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Fisher, K., Hanspal, R. S., & Marks, L. (2003). Return to work after lower limb amputation. International Journal of Rehabiliation Research, 26 (1), 51-56.
Title:  Return to work after lower limb amputation
Authors:  Fisher, K., Hanspal, R. S., & Marks, L.
Year:  2003
Journal/Publication:  International Journal of Rehabiliation Research
Publisher:  Rehabilitation International, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Amputation of a lower limb is a life-changing event that can cause many problems for those it happens to. However, there is little research as to whether or not someone with an amputation like this can easily return to work and other daily tasks.
Purpose:  The goal of the study is to investigate the amount of people wearing a lower limb prosthesis at the Prosthetic Rehabilitation Center in the UK who did not return to work after their amputation.
Setting:  The sample was taken from a rehabilitation clinic in the UK
Study sample:  The sample consisted of 100 people between the ages of 17 and 65, and who have had a lower limb amputated at least a year prior. Out of these, 80 were men and 20 were women. The average time since amputation was 116 months, and 50% of them were transtibial amputations, with 43% being transfemoral and the remaining 7% having hip or partial foot amputations. 64 patients had the amputation due to trauma, 24 were due to diseases and vascular disorders, and 8 had neoplasms.
Data collection and analysis:  Patients were interviewed by a Rehabilitation consultant to gauge their mobility, and then they were interviewed about their handicap, followed by a questionnaire about their employment status. The results were analyzed via frequency analysis and non-parametric correlations.
Findings:  Prior to having an amputation, 92% of patients had work. However, only 66% remained in the workforce after their operation. Out of the remainder, 4% were retraining, 14% were retired, and 17% reported doing nothing at all.
Conclusions:  An addition of a Vocational Counselling service to regular hospital rehabilitation services may have increased the number of people who possessed a job one year after their operation.

Disabilities served:  Amputation
Outcomes:  Return to work