Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Pilkinton, M. (2010). TANF recipients' barriers to employability: substance abuse and domestic violence. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 20 1011-1023.
Title:  TANF recipients' barriers to employability: substance abuse and domestic violence
Authors:  Pilkinton, M.
Year:  2010
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment
Publisher:  Routledge Taylor and Francis Group
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/10911359.2010.494940
Full text:  http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10911359.2010.494940   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  Female TANF recipients face additional barriers when seeking to transition from government assistance to employment.
Purpose:  This article provides a review of the barriers faced by women who receive TANF as they seek to obtain employment and become independent from government assistance.
Conclusions:  The barriers faced by women include: substance abuse/dependence and lack of treatment options, mental illness, domestic violence, threat of sanctions due to noncompliance, lack of employment opportunities leading women to accept jobs requiring a longer commute, lack of transportation (particularly in rural communities), lack of affordable childcare, and inability to support self and family while earning minimum wage. Some states have created policies which address some of these barriers, but more comprehensive resources are needed if these consumers are to maintain long-term employment.

Disabilities served:  Alcohol and drug abuse
Chronic mental illness
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Populations served:  Consumers receiving federal financial assistance through TANF