Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Yin, M., Shaewitz, D., & Megra, M. (2014). An uneven playing field: The lack of equal pay for people with disabilities.. ,
Title:  An uneven playing field: The lack of equal pay for people with disabilities.
Authors:  Yin, M., Shaewitz, D., & Megra, M.
Year:  2014
Publisher:  American Institutes for Research
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  No
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  Literature on individuals with disabilities compares earnings and income between individuals with and without disabilities, provides employment rates among different disability groups, and discusses labor market outcomes for specific populations with disabilities.
Purpose:  The authors believed there was a gap in the literature, and current research does not provide the differences in incomes between individuals with and without disabilities in full-time positions by educational attainment. They also sought to describe economic impact of the differences for individuals, states, or the nation. Two research questions were considered: 1. Do earnings differ between full-time employed individuals with disabilities and those without disabilities after accounting for educational attainment? 2. If so, how great is that difference and how does it impact the economy?
Data collection and analysis:  The authors used data from the United States Census Bureau's 2011 American Community Survey for their analyses. They estimated the percentage of individuals with disabilities in each state in different education levels: high school graduate, some college, associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree, and master’s or higher. They also estimated earnings for individuals with and without disabilities by education level using the average earnings that are received from their full-time jobs. Lastly, they used a regression framework, controlling for certain demographic and labor market supply characteristics, to test whether those with disabilities face greater economic inequity than those without.
Findings:  The authors found that the earnings gap widens as education level increases. The greatest inequalities occur among those with a master's degree and above. In addition, the U.S. economy would have received significantly more in revenue if individuals with disabilities were paid comparable salaries as those without.

Outcomes:  Full-time employment