Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Strickland, D.C., Coles, C.D., & Southern, L.B. (2013). JobTIPS: A transition to employment program for individuals with autism spectrum disorders. The Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 43 (10), 2472-2483..
Title:  JobTIPS: A transition to employment program for individuals with autism spectrum disorders
Authors:  Strickland, D.C., Coles, C.D., & Southern, L.B.
Year:  2013
Journal/Publication:  The Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Publisher:  Springer
Research summary:
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  The need for employment support for youth with ASD as they transition from federally mandated school services to the workplace has become crucial.The poor employment outcomes for adults with ASD are well documented and have resulted in calls to examine more effective ways of providing supports.
Purpose:  This study evaluated the effectiveness of an internet accessed training program that included Theory of Mind-based guidance, video models, visual supports, and virtual reality practice sessions in teaching appropriate job interview skills to individuals with high functioning Aut- ism Spectrum Disorders.
Study sample:  22 youth, ages 16–19, were evaluated during two employment interviews. Half of the participants received a training intervention following the initial interview and the half who served as a contrast group did not.
Intervention:  The intervention in this study used the JobTIPS program, a multimedia employment training program that offers five sections to guide the individual with ASD through the process of ‘‘Determining Career Interests,’’ ‘‘Finding a Job,’’ ‘‘Getting a Job,’’ ‘‘Keeping a Job’’, and ‘‘Other Job Topics’’ like ‘‘Leaving a Job.’’
Control or comparison condition:  Participants assigned to the treatment group were provided with written instructions for accessing the JobTIPS interviewing program from their home computers. Those in control group did not receive training.
Data collection and analysis:  Demographic variables were examined using Analysis of Variance for continuous measures and Chi Square for ordinal variables. Results from each of the four raters for each of twosub-scales were correlated using the Pearson Product Moment procedure.
Findings:  Results suggest that youth who completed the JobTIPS employment program demonstrated significantly more effective verbal content skills than those who did not.
Conclusions:  Combining web resources allows parents, educators, and other professionals to extend employment support options and provide needed services for individuals with ASD who may be located in geographically remote or poorly served areas of the world, or simply do not have access to trained professionals locally who can help them prepare for success in the job market.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Populations served:  Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Interventions:  Online training
Training and technical assistance
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition