Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Lustig, D.C., & Strauser, D. R. (2007). Causal relationships between poverty and disability. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 50 (4), 194-202.
Title:  Causal relationships between poverty and disability
Authors:  Lustig, D.C., & Strauser, D. R.
Year:  2007
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Publisher:  pro-ed
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1177/00343552070500040101
Full text:  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/00343552070500040101   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  Research has provided an understanding of why disability may cause poverty; however, a better understanding is needed of why poverty may cause disability.
Purpose:  The authors present the Poverty Disability Model, which offers an explanation of how individuals’ experience of poverty may increase their likelihood of experiencing disability and chronic health problems.
Setting:  United States
Findings:  There are four groups of factors that increase the risk that poverty will cause disability and chronic health problems: 1) social role devaluation, 2) environmental risk factors, 3) negative group influences, and (4) weakened sense of coherence, defined as a global orientation that the world is incomprehensible, unmanageable, and unmeaningful. The authors suggest that poverty reduces individuals’ access to resources that affect their acquisition of a chronic health problem or disability.
Conclusions:  The Poverty Disability Model links poverty as a cause of disability and establishes a foundation for future research to examine causal connections between poverty and disability.

Disabilities served:  Alcohol and drug abuse
Anxiety disorder
Arthritis
Autism / ASD
Bi-polar
Blindness
Burn
Cancer
Cerebral palsy
Cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
Chemical sensitivity
Chronic mental illness
Chronic pain
Cognitive decline / dementia
Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Deafness
Depression
Developmental disabilities
Diabetes
Down syndrome
Dual sensory impairment
Environmental
Hearing impairment
HIV / AIDS
Learning disabilities
Medical impairment
Mobility impairment
Multiple sclerosis
Muscular dystrophy
Obesity
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Orthopedic impairments
Personality disorders
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Schizophrenia
Speech or language impairment
Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Visual impairment
Severe physical disability
Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Adjudicated adults and youth
Consumers receiving federal financial assistance through TANF
Culturally diverse populations (e.g., African Americans, Native Americans, and non-English speaking populations)
High school dropouts / functionally illiterate persons
Persons with multiple disabilities (e.g., deaf-blindness, HIV/AIDS, substance abuse)
SSI and SSDI recipients
Sub-minimum wage employees
Youth in foster care