Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Hergenrather, K.C., Zeglin, R.J., McGuire-Kuletz, M., Rhodes, S.D. (2015). Employment as social determinant of health: A systematic review of longitudinal studies exploring the relationship between employment status and physical health. Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education, 29 (1), 2-26.
Title:  Employment as social determinant of health: A systematic review of longitudinal studies exploring the relationship between employment status and physical health
Authors:  Hergenrather, K.C., Zeglin, R.J., McGuire-Kuletz, M., Rhodes, S.D.
Year:  2015
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Research, Policy, and Education
Publisher:  Springer
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1891/2168-6653.29.1.2
Full text:  https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273333771_Employment_as_a_...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Purpose:  This study provides a review of 22 longitudinal studies from the past 30 years, looking at the relationship between physical health and employment.
Findings:  Employment status is associated with better physical health. Unemployment is associated with poorer physical health.
Conclusions:  When supporting successful employment outcomes, it is important to account for the relationship between physical health and employment status. This should be remembered when identifying those at risk, so that adequate interventions can be provided to these individuals.

Disabilities served:  Anxiety disorder
Chronic pain
Depression
Medical impairment
Populations served:  Consumers receiving federal financial assistance through TANF
SSI and SSDI recipients
Interventions:  Natural supports
Long-term supports (Medicaid waivers, etc.)