Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Dowden, A.R., Ethridge, G., and Brooks, M. (2016). The impact criminal history has on the employability of African American and Latino populations with disabilities receiving state vocational rehabilitation services: Implications for adding a criminal history variable to the RSA-911 data. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 45 (2), 213-224.
Title:  The impact criminal history has on the employability of African American and Latino populations with disabilities receiving state vocational rehabilitation services: Implications for adding a criminal history variable to the RSA-911 data
Authors:  Dowden, A.R., Ethridge, G., and Brooks, M.
Year:  2016
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-160824
Research summary:  https://projecte3.com/criminal-histories/
Full text:  http://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabili...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No

Structured abstract:

Background:  Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) provides counseling, training, job placement, assistive technology and other support services to people with disabilities. VR counselors work to find employment consistent with their client’s strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests and informed choice. In order for VR counselors to be successful and effective in providing these services, it is important to know the client’s full history. A great number of VR clients have criminal histories or have been adjudicated for crimes committed. According to the RSA-911 Technical Report, however criminal history is not a part of the VR national scope.
Purpose:  The following article discusses how the omission of criminal history has and will continue to have a significant impact on those clients in securing employment; and indirectly, affecting the success rate of VR.
Conclusions:  The primary objective of vocational rehabilitation is to assist individuals with disabilities to find employment that is consistent with their strengths, resources, priorities, concerns, abilities, capabilities, interests and informed choice. In order for VR to be competent in providing these services, it is important to know the full history of the clients they are serving. The clients of color who utilize the services offered by VR are possibly being underserved. A great number of these clients have criminal histories or have been adjudicated for crimes committed. According to the RSA-911 Technical Report, criminal history is not a part of the VR national scope. The small omission of criminal history has and will continue to have a significant effort on those clients in securing employment; and indirectly, affecting the success rate of VR.

Disabilities served:  Multiple disabilities
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition