Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Hartnett, H. P., Tower, L., Harper, C., Lech, J., Rubin, C., & Hirsh, A. (2014). Employment Accommodations for People with Disabilities: Does Gender Really Matter?. Disabilities Studies Quarterly, 34 (3), 8.
Title:  Employment Accommodations for People with Disabilities: Does Gender Really Matter?
Authors:  Hartnett, H. P., Tower, L., Harper, C., Lech, J., Rubin, C., & Hirsh, A.
Year:  2014
Journal/Publication:  Disabilities Studies Quarterly
Publisher:  Society for Disability Studies
Full text:  http://dsq-sds.org/article/view/3825/3647   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Not reported

Structured abstract:

Background:  People with disabilities face high rates of unemployment. In an attempt to improve these rates, legislation has been passed. For example, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to provide reasonable accommodation to qualified people with disabilities. Research is needed to understand the reasonable accommodation process.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not gender differences were present in the reasonable accommodation process.
Setting:  The surveys were completed in a variety of settings.
Study sample:  The sample included 1,247 individuals with disabilities who had used the Job Accommodation Network (JAN) services.
Intervention:  There was no intervention.
Control or comparison condition:  There was no control or comparison condition.
Data collection and analysis:  The data was taken from an ongoing evaluation project at JAN. The data were collected using a structured telephone interview that was used to collect satisfaction data and information about the accommodation process from JAN customers who had completed service. The survey took about 20 minutes to complete. This study only examined the data set for individuals with disabilities. A total of 1,247 people were represented. The majority or 68.2% were female and 31.8% were males. Frequencies, chi-square and ANOVA were run.
Findings:  There were not many difference between men and women in terms of types and costs of accommodations, whether or not the request was granted and satisfaction with the JAN services. There were difference between men and women related to the effectiveness of accommodation. Women were significantly less likely to find the accommodation granted, effective.
Conclusions:  It is difficult to understand why there area differences between men and women exists. Research is limited in this area. More research is needed.

Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male