Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Lindsay, S. (2011). Discrimination and other barriers to employment for teens and young adults with disabilities. Disability and Rehabilitation, 33 (15), 1340-1350.
Title:  Discrimination and other barriers to employment for teens and young adults with disabilities
Authors:  Lindsay, S.
Year:  2011
Journal/Publication:  Disability and Rehabilitation
Publisher:  Informa Healthcare
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Individuals with disabilities are unemployed. This is due to various barriers to work and discrimination. There is limited research about the experiences of young people with disabilities.
Purpose:  The aim of this study was to examine barriers to employment and the characteristics of youth who experience barriers including discrimination.
Setting:  The study took place in Canada.
Study sample:  For the first question the study sample included 788 teens and 446 young adults with disabilities who reported barriers to employment. Both groups included individuals who had mobility, hearing, vision, communication and cognitive disabilities. For the second study question the sample included 1898 youth aged 15 to 24 who experienced work discrimination.
Intervention:  There was no intervention.
Control or comparison condition:  Barriers to employment for teens aged 15 to 19 were compared to barriers for young adults aged 20 to 24 years.
Data collection and analysis:  Data about individuals with disabilities was extracted from the Participation and Activity Limitation Survey, a Canadian Census conducted by telephone. Response to various demographic items were recoded as dummy variables for multivariate analysis. A derived variable was used to denote employment status. Barriers to work, discrimination, and type of disability were derived from reviewing responses to a series of relevant questions. A variety of analytic methods were used including chi squares and multivariate regression models. Type, severity and duration of disability were controlled for.
Findings:  Teens and young adults with disabilities face barriers to work. Types of barriers vary based on age and type of disability. Teens and young adults with disabilities also face discrimination. Socio-demographic factors (i.e. severity of disability, type and duration, level of education, gender, low income, geographic area and number of people in household) influenced the kind of barriers and work discrimination.
Conclusions:  Teens and young adults with disabilities face multiple barriers and discrimination. More research is needed.

Disabilities served:  Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Hearing impairment
Mobility impairment
Speech or language impairment
Visual impairment
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Transition-age youth (14 - 24)