Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  West, S., McMahon, B., Monasterio, E., Belongia, L., & Kramer, K. (2005). Workplace discrimination and missing limbs: The national EEOC ADA research project. Work, 25 (1), 27-35.
Title:  Workplace discrimination and missing limbs: The national EEOC ADA research project
Authors:  West, S., McMahon, B., Monasterio, E., Belongia, L., & Kramer, K.
Year:  2005
Journal/Publication:  Work
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/work/wor00479   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Prevalence of amputations in the United States is estimated at 1.9 per 10,000 men and 1.3 per 10,000 women. The literature on employment outcomes suggests varying rates of return to work with estimations of employment at anywhere from 89% to 43.5%. Factors that contribute to poor employment outcomes include low levels of education, higher levels of amputation, more advanced age, intense phantom pain, depression, and companion conditions such as diabetes.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine and analyze trends in alleged employment discrimination involving individuals with missing limbs through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission database.
Study sample:  The sample consisted of 2,793 allegations of employment discrimination involving missing limbs and 67,784 allegations of discrimination involving non-paralytic orthopedic disabilities to serve as a comparison group.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was extracted from the EEOC database and analyzed using computations of proportions of allegations and merit resolutions.
Findings:  Individuals with missing limbs were likely to encounter discrimination if they were male, under 20 or over 65, and either White or Native American. Discrimination was more prevalent in the Southern United States and in smaller companies.
Conclusions:  Despite the passing of the Americans with Disabilities Act to outlaw discrimination based on disability status it is still prevalent for this particular group.

Disabilities served:  Mobility impairment
Orthopedic impairments
Severe physical disability