Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Randolph, D., Andresen, E. (2004). Disability, gender, and unemployment relationships in the United States from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system. Disability & Society, 19 (4), 403-414.
Title:  Disability, gender, and unemployment relationships in the United States from the behavioral risk factor surveillance system
Authors:  Randolph, D., Andresen, E.
Year:  2004
Journal/Publication:  Disability & Society
Publisher:  Carfax Publishing
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/09687590410001689494
Full text:  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09687590410001689494   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  The employment rates of people with disabilities have been low in the United States since statistics tracking began and are still low at present. It is still inconclusive as to whether or not the Americans with Disabilities Act has been effective in improving these statistics. The employment rate of women with disabilities has been even worse than the numbers for all people with disabilities.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to investigate as to whether or not there was a significant difference in the employment rates of men with disabilities versus women with disabilities.
Study sample:  The sample consisted of survey results from 47,459 people from 11 US states as a part of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS).
Data collection and analysis:  The BRFSS includes demographic and employment data that was used for the purposes of this study. Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the relationship between gender and employment.
Findings:  The employment rate for people with disabilities was lower than people without. The employment rate for women with disabilities was the lowest of the group.
Conclusions:  Employment disparities continue to exist for both women and people with disabilities. Being a woman with a disability is especially challenging.