Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  West, M., Dye, A., & McMahon, B. (2006). Epilepsy and workplace discrimination: Population characteristics and trends. Epilepsy and Behavior, 9 (1), 101-105.
Title:  Epilepsy and workplace discrimination: Population characteristics and trends
Authors:  West, M., Dye, A., & McMahon, B.
Year:  2006
Journal/Publication:  Epilepsy and Behavior
Publisher:  Elsevier
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2006.03.011
Full text:  https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1525505006000874   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Epilepsy is a neurologic condition that causes changes in sensation, awareness, or behaviors; also known as seizures. Seizures can result in brief staring spells, loss of consciousness, or convulsions. The stigma associated with this condition results in lower employment rates among individuals with epilepsy. There is considerable data on employment discrimination experienced by people with epilepsy available through the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) database.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the trends of alleged employment discrimination experienced by individuals with epilepsy.
Study sample:  The study sample consisted of 5,232 cases of alleged employment discrimination involving epilepsy from 1992-2003 that were extracted from the EEOC database.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was extracted from the EEOC database and analyzed for trends in the cases.
Findings:  Most of the allegations were from Caucasian males between the ages of 31-55. Most of the allegations were against private businesses from the South that were small to midsized. Most allegations were in the area of job retention, meaning that most individuals were already employed when the allegations happened. Discrimination in promotion and termination, disciplinary actions, and harassment were most common.
Conclusions:  Knowledge of these findings can aid employees, employers, and vocational rehabilitation professionals in finding favorable resolutions to issues that may arise before a formal complaint is filed.