Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Rumrill, P. D., Roessler, R. T., Unger, D., & Vierstra, C. (2004). Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission case resolution patterns involving people with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 20 (3), 171-176.
Title:  Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission case resolution patterns involving people with multiple sclerosis
Authors:  Rumrill, P. D., Roessler, R. T., Unger, D., & Vierstra, C.
Year:  2004
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system with individuals experiencing a variety of symptoms. Among the most frequently reported symptoms include weakness and fatigue. As a group, MS patients are well educated and have significant work histories. However, this group is severely unemployed with only 30-45% of Americans with MS currently employed for pay.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to describe reports of employment related discrimination and their resolutions involving individuals with MS in the United States and to compare those reports to reports involving individuals with other disabilities.
Study sample:  Data on cases of employment discrimination from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) national database.
Data collection and analysis:  Data on cases of employment discrimination was extracted from the EEOC database. Chi-square analysis was done to compare resolutions of individuals with MS to individuals with other disabilities.
Findings:  Individuals with MS were more likely than others to have their cases resolved with the right to sue. Individuals with MS were less likely than others to have their cases closed administratively.
Conclusions:  It is important for both vocational rehabilitation counselors and individuals with MS to understand the precedent of discrimination cases in order to see future cases better resolved for all parties.

Disabilities served:  Multiple sclerosis