Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Fraser, R., Clemons, D., Gibbons, L., & Koepnick, D. (2009). Predictors of vocational stability in multiple sclerosis. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 31 (2), 129-135.
Title:  Predictors of vocational stability in multiple sclerosis
Authors:  Fraser, R., Clemons, D., Gibbons, L., & Koepnick, D.
Year:  2009
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-2009-481
Full text:  http://proxy.library.vcu.edu/login?url=http://iospress.metapress.co...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Employment rates for individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are very low (23-35%) and can be attributed to a number of factors including MS symptoms, work environment, and demands of the job. Little research has been done on how these various factors may influence vocational success.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of vocational stability.
Setting:  Participants were recruited from an employment program in Washington State.
Study sample:  Participants were 95 individuals with MS in an employment program. The sample was 66% female and 88% Caucasian with a mean age of 43.5 years.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was collected through an intake interview and the following scales: Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Coping with Health Injuries and Problems Scale, Activities for Daily Living Self-Care Scale, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. A cognitive functioning test was also administered. Univariate logistic regression was used to examine the target variables.
Findings:  Cognitive ability in terms of reading and writing skills had a significant effect on employment stability. Recent education and work history also had a significant effect on employment stability.
Conclusions:  These results support the importance of education in employment stability.

Disabilities served:  Multiple sclerosis
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition