Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Arango, J. C., McKinney Ketchum, J., Williams, K., Kreutzer J., O’Neil-Pirozzi, T., Wehman, P., Marquez, C. & Atmitabh, Jha. (2009). The influence of race/ethnicity on job stability after traumatic brain injury. The Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation, 1 (1), 41-49.
Title:  The influence of race/ethnicity on job stability after traumatic brain injury
Authors:  Arango, J. C., McKinney Ketchum, J., Williams, K., Kreutzer J., O’Neil-Pirozzi, T., Wehman, P., Marquez, C. & Atmitabh, Jha.
Year:  2009
Journal/Publication:  The Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Publisher:  American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2008.07.001
Full text:  http://proxy.library.vcu.edu/login?url=http://ac.els-cdn.com/S19341...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Individuals living with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) face physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavior issues. These issues can pose a challenge to gaining and maintaining employment, which is a primary indicator to community re-integration. Additional barriers to employment in minorities with TBI exist. Past research shows that employment outcomes of minorities with TBI are not as good as non-minorities with TBI. There is not research on employment outcomes with a large number of minorities and non-minorities with TBI.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the employment outcomes of minorities and non-minorities 3 years after TBI.
Study sample:  Participant data was extracted from the Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems of Care (TBIMS) database. All participants were between 18-65 years of age and had a TBI between 1988-2001. The final study sample consisted of 633 participants.
Control or comparison condition:  Employment outcome was the comparison condition
Data collection and analysis:  A multinomial logistic regression model was used to identify the effect of ethnicity on employment outcomes.
Findings:  The most significant finding was that minorities were 3.587 times more likely than Caucasians to be unemployed versus having steady employment.
Conclusions:  Vocational rehabilitation professionals should be aware of the specific challenges facing minorities with TBI and design interventions to address their specific needs.

Disabilities served:  Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition