Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  West, M., Wehman, P., Chen, C., & Cifu, G. (2014). Transition planning for youth with traumatic brain injury: Findings from the national longitudinal transition survey. NeuroRehabilitation, 34 (2), 365-372.
Title:  Transition planning for youth with traumatic brain injury: Findings from the national longitudinal transition survey
Authors:  West, M., Wehman, P., Chen, C., & Cifu, G.
Year:  2014
Journal/Publication:  NeuroRehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-131029
Full text:  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24419015   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children results in a multitude of problems including cognition and memory deficits, behavior problems, social dysfunction, and poor academic performance. These challenges continue as the children with TBI prepare for adulthood. Adulthood typically means finding gainful employment and that is difficult for young adults with TBI. School transition services can facilitate better employment outcomes but data on their effectiveness in young adults with TBI is limited.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between transition services and employment outcomes among youth with TBI.
Study sample:  The sample includes 200 students with TBI that had some sort of post school employment outcomes that could be measured. Most of the sample was male (73%) and white (74%). Most of the participants (83%) lived above the poverty line and had parents/guardians with a high school education (90%).
Control or comparison condition:  Post school employment outcome was the comparison condition
Data collection and analysis:  Data was collected through the National Longitudinal Transition Study (NLTS-2) which followed a sample of students with disabilities including TBI. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between transition services and post school employment outcomes for up to 8 years after high school.
Findings:  Fifty-one percent of the sample was employed at the time of the study and 73% had been employed at some point since high school. Participants that had transition goals were significantly more likely to be employed.
Conclusions:  These findings support the impact of transition services on employment outcomes in youths with TBI.

Disabilities served:  Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Populations served:  Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Interventions:  Other
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition