Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Rusch, F.R., & Braddock, D. (2004). Adult day programs versus supported employment (1988-2002): Spending and service practices of mental retardation and developmental disabilities state agencies. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 29 (4), 237-242.
Title:  Adult day programs versus supported employment (1988-2002): Spending and service practices of mental retardation and developmental disabilities state agencies
Authors:  Rusch, F.R., & Braddock, D.
Year:  2004
Journal/Publication:  Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities
Publisher:  TASH Publishing
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.2511/rpsd.29.4.237
Full text:  http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.2511/rpsd.29.4.237   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  There is no doubt that supported employment is a viable employment option for persons with disabilities. Despite the expansion of supported employment programs that place persons with disabilities in competitive employment settings the expansion of sheltered workshops has also been observed. The examination of spending practices by mental retardation and developmental disabilities state agencies (MR/DD) is warranted.
Purpose:  This article’s purpose was to examine spending practices by MR/DD state agencies.
Study sample:  Fifty-one MR/DD state agencies (50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia)
Data collection and analysis:  Data used in this study was collected by Rizzolo, Hemp, Braddock, and Pomeranz-Essley (2004). Two categories of that data were used for this study: (1) spending on persons in segregated facilities, and (2) persons in supported employment.
Findings:  Despite the presence of supported employment programs the expansion of segregated facilities continues. The expansion of supported employment programs has all but stopped since 2000.
Conclusions:  Though supported employment is a viable alternative to segregated employment there is significant room for improvement in spending and promotion of it as such.