Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Inge, K., Wehman, P., Erickson, D., Butterworth, J., & Gilmore, D. (2009). Survey results from a national survey of community rehabilitation providers holding special wage certificates. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 30 (2), 67-85.
Title:  Survey results from a national survey of community rehabilitation providers holding special wage certificates
Authors:  Inge, K., Wehman, P., Erickson, D., Butterworth, J., & Gilmore, D.
Year:  2009
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-2009-0454
Full text:  http://www.worksupport.com/documents/inge_JVR2009(30).pdf   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Sheltered employment emerged as the norm for individuals with disabilities in the 1970s when those individuals began to leave state institutions. Sheltered employment is defined as work in a non-integrated setting rather than competitive employment in a setting with individuals without disabilities. Individuals with disabilities were often deemed “not ready” to be integrated into competitive employment. Research has shown however, that people with disabilities are very capable of learning skills in integrated, competitive employment.
Purpose:  The purpose of this article was to examine findings from a survey of community rehabilitation programs (CRP) and examine factors that either inhibit or facilitate integrated employment. This article also aimed to discuss the implications of those findings on making integrated employment the primary outcome of certain federal programs.
Setting:  The sample consisted of 700 agencies obtained from the US Department of Labor.
Data collection and analysis:  The survey that was sent out to the 700 agencies consisted of three sections: (1) factors that maintain sheltered employment, (2) factors that promote integrated employment, (3) demographic information on the organizations.
Findings:  The findings indicate that sheltered employment is still the predominant service being provided by these organizations. Integrated employment services are growing at a faster rate than others but sheltered employment continues to be the largest service.
Conclusions:  The results of this survey are of concern to the vocational rehabilitation community. The federal government needs to significantly expand funding and promotion of integrated employment.