Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Rumrill, P.D., Roessler, R.T., Fitzgerald, S.M. (2004). Vocational rehabilitation-related predictors of quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 20 (3), 155-163.
Title:  Vocational rehabilitation-related predictors of quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis
Authors:  Rumrill, P.D., Roessler, R.T., Fitzgerald, S.M.
Year:  2004
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Research has shown that higher quality of life (QOL) and life satisfaction (LS) among individuals with disabilities that are either in school or employed. Among individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) research has established that number and severity of symptoms, perceived stress levels, education level, and employment status all predict QOL. These factors are targets for vocational rehabilitation (VR) programs to work to alleviate. It is important to underscore the need through research for vocational rehabilitation programs to focus on QOL as the bottom line objective.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to confirm the influence of VR-related factors on QOL.
Study sample:  The study sample consisted of 1,310 individuals living with MS in the United States. Participants were recruited from 10 chapters of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS). Most of the participants were female (79%) and Caucasian (92%). Forty-three percent of the participants were employed at the time of the study and 97% had at least a high school education. The most frequently reported MS related symptoms were fatigue (82%), balance/coordination (70%), and diminished physical capacity (67%).
Data collection and analysis:  Data was collected from an 86 item questionnaire for adults with MS. MS symptoms, perceived stress level, education level, and employment status were all assessed as well as demographic factors. A backward stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship of these factors on QOL.
Findings:  Higher education levels and better employment status indicated better QOL scores. More MS related symptoms persisting for a longer period of time and higher stress levels indicated lower QOL scores.
Conclusions:  These findings confirm the importance of VR related factors on QOL in individuals with MS.

Disabilities served:  Multiple sclerosis
Outcomes:  Other