Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Neath, J., Roessler, R.T., McMahon, B.T., Rumrill, P.D. (2007). Patterns in perceived employment discrimination for adults with multiple sclerosis. Work, 29 (3), 255-274.
Title:  Patterns in perceived employment discrimination for adults with multiple sclerosis
Authors:  Neath, J., Roessler, R.T., McMahon, B.T., Rumrill, P.D.
Year:  2007
Journal/Publication:  Work
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Despite discrimination against persons with disabilities by covered employers being illegal under Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act allegations of discrimination are numerous. This issue has proven difficult to correct and high levels of unemployment among the disabled remain. Adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) encounter discrimination, misconceptions about their ability to work, and unemployment following their diagnosis.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to explore types of allegations of discriminations by people with MS against employers. Also explored were patterns of allegations (which types of allegations frequently occur together).
Study sample:  Data was extracted from a database maintained by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The dataset for this study consisted of 3,668 allegations of discrimination brought by people with MS between 1992-2003. Women comprised most (67%) of the people with MS alleging discrimination. Whites alleged the most (76%) discrimination among racial groups. Ages ranges of 41-50 and 31-40 made the most allegations.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was extracted from a database on employment discrimination cases maintained by the U.S. EEOC. Data was compiled to determine the most frequently occurring allegations and patterns of allegations.
Findings:  The most frequent allegations were discharge, reasonable accommodations, terms and conditions of employment, and harassment.
Conclusions:  Vocational rehabilitation counselors should be aware of these most frequent allegations of discrimination among adults with MS. Steps should be taken with employees and employers to remedy the precursors of these allegations before they result in formal complaints.

Disabilities served:  Multiple sclerosis
Outcomes:  Other