Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Krause, J.S., & Broderick, L. (2006). Relationship of personality and locus of control with employment outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 49 (2), 111-114.
Title:  Relationship of personality and locus of control with employment outcomes among participants with spinal cord injury
Authors:  Krause, J.S., & Broderick, L.
Year:  2006
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Publisher:  Hammill Institute on Disabilities
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Persons living with spinal cord injury (SCI) have a lower employment rate than the general population. Personality and locus of control can be predictors to employment outcomes in all populations. Persons with an internal locus of control generally have better employment and psychological outcomes. There is no research on the relationships between locus of control and employment outcomes in persons with SCI.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of personality and locus of control with employment outcomes.
Setting:  Participants were recruited from outpatient records at a specialty hospital in the Southeastern United States. All of the participants (N=1,391) met the following inclusion criteria: (1) traumatic SCI, (2) 18 years of age or older, (3) injured for at least one year. Most of the sample was male (74%) and Caucasian (75%).
Control or comparison condition:  Employment outcome was the comparison condition
Data collection and analysis:  Participants were mailed questionnaires which included demographic information, employment information, the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) to measure activity and sociability, and the Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC). Logistic regression was used to identify the odds of being employed as a function of personality and locus of control.
Findings:  Participants that had higher internal locus of control scores and activity scores had more favorable employment outcomes. Participants with more of an external locus of control had diminished employment outcomes.
Conclusions:  It is important for vocational rehabilitation counselors to account for differences in personality and locus of control that can impact employment outcomes.

Disabilities served:  Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment