Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Arango-Lasprilla, J.C., Ketchum, J.M., Stevens, L.F., Balcazar, F., Wehman, P., Forster, L., Hsu, N. (2009). Ethnicity/racial differences in employment outcomes following Spinal Cord Injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 24 (1), 37-46.
Title:  Ethnicity/racial differences in employment outcomes following Spinal Cord Injury
Authors:  Arango-Lasprilla, J.C., Ketchum, J.M., Stevens, L.F., Balcazar, F., Wehman, P., Forster, L., Hsu, N.
Year:  2009
Journal/Publication:  NeuroRehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/NRE-2009-0452.
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/neurorehabilitation/nre00452   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  High unemployment rates are an unfortunate and well documented part of life for persons living with spinal cord injury (SCI). Many factors affect the high unemployment rates post SCI-race and ethnicity among them. Research has shown that Caucasians are more likely to be employed post SCI. However, research has focused on comparing Caucasians to African-Americans. Little research involving employment disparities between Hispanics and Caucasians exists.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study is to examine employment rate disparities between Hispanics and Caucasians living with SCI.
Study sample:  The sample (1369 Hispanics and 10055 Caucasians) all met the following criteria: (1) age at injury was between 18-65, (2) self-reported as either Hispanic or Caucasian, (3) reported on their employment status 1 year post injury.
Control or comparison condition:  Employment status
Data collection and analysis:  All participants (N=11,424) were interviewed at their one year post SCI follow up as part of their enrollment in the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center (NSCISC) database. Interviews took place between 1973-2006. Logistic regression was used to determine the effect of Hispanic ethnicity on employment status.
Findings:  Race/ethnicity had a significant effect on employment outcomes in this study sample. Caucasians had significantly better employment outcomes than Hispanics.
Conclusions:  This research suggests that racial disparities exist in employment outcomes of persons with SCI. Vocational rehabilitation counselors should work to form strategies to improve employment outcomes in Hispanics with SCI.

Disabilities served:  Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Populations served:  Race: White / Caucasian
Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
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