Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Gorzkowski, J.A., Klass, S.J., Kelly, E.H., Vogel, L.C. (2010). Girls with spinal cord injury: Social and job-related participation and psychosocial outcomes. Rehabilitation Psychology, 55 (1), 58-67.
Title:  Girls with spinal cord injury: Social and job-related participation and psychosocial outcomes
Authors:  Gorzkowski, J.A., Klass, S.J., Kelly, E.H., Vogel, L.C.
Year:  2010
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Psychology
Publisher:  American Psychological Association
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Survey research

Structured abstract:

Background:  Sustaining a spinal cord injury (SCI) is a traumatic event at any point in a person’s lifetime. It is more so when it happens to a child. Boys and girls with SCI have different life experiences yet very little has been written on the experiences of girls with SCI. Research shows that participation in job related and social activities have improved quality of life (QOL) in both children and adults and it is important for children to exposed to these types of things for proper development.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between social participation and psychosocial outcomes such as depression and QOL in girls with SCI.
Setting:  Three pediatric SCI centers in the United States
Study sample:  Participants (N=97) were all: girls between the ages of 7-17, at least one year post injury, receiving care from one of three pediatric SCI centers.
Control or comparison condition:  Psychosocial outcomes
Data collection and analysis:  All participants completed the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment, Children’s Depression Inventory, and the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory. Pearson correlation coefficients were used to analyze the relationships between social and job related participation, QOL, and depression.
Findings:  More social participation and more job related participation were both related to lower depression and higher quality of life.
Conclusions:  Involvement in social and job related activities are key ways to improve quality of life in girls with SCI. Involvement as a child can help girls gain employment and coping skills as adults.

Disabilities served:  Spinal cord injury (SCI)
Populations served:  Gender: Female
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Other