Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Huang, I.C., Holzbauer, J. J., Lee, E.-J., Chronister, J., Chan, F. and O'Neil, J (2013). Vocational rehabilitation services and employment outcomes for adults with cerebral palsy in the United States. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 55 (11), 1000-1008.
Title:  Vocational rehabilitation services and employment outcomes for adults with cerebral palsy in the United States
Authors:  Huang, I.C., Holzbauer, J. J., Lee, E.-J., Chronister, J., Chan, F. and O'Neil, J
Year:  2013
Journal/Publication:  Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
Publisher:  Mac Keith Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1111/dmcn.12224
Full text:  http://proxy.library.vcu.edu/login?url=http://onlinelibrary.wiley.c...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  Adults with cerebral palsy (CP) have listed work and money to live independently as the most important domains related to their health and well-being. However, individuals with CP have lower employment rates than their peers with other types of disabilities. There has been research into the area of unemployment and its effects on people with CP. However, there is no research on the impact of vocational rehabilitation services on employment outcomes of adults with CP.
Purpose:  This study aims to examine the association between vocational rehabilitation services and employment outcomes in adults with CP.
Setting:  The data came from the RSA 911 data set.It was analyzed in a university setting.
Study sample:  Data was mined from the United States Department of Education Rehabilitation Service Administration Case Service Report (RSA-911) database. The participants (N=3162) all had CP and were between the ages of 16-54. All participants in the study sample had their VR cases closed in the fiscal year 2009. About 57% of the sample was male. Most were European American. A little less than one third of the sample were high school graduates.
Intervention:  There was no intervention.
Data collection and analysis:  Demographic variables, work disincentive variables, and rehabilitation service variables were all collected from RSA-911 in order to examine their association with employment outcomes in adults with CP. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine associations
Findings:  Among demographic variables males between the ages of 25-54 with high levels of education had the best employment outcomes. Use of on the job training services, job placement assistance, on-the-job support, maintenance services, and rehabilitation technology significantly predicted employment outcomes
Conclusions:  Vocational rehabilitation services can significantly improve employment outcomes for adults with CP.

Disabilities served:  Cerebral palsy
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Race: American Indian or Alaska Native
Race: Asian
Race: Black / African American
Race: White / Caucasian
Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition