Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Catalano, D., Periera, A., Wu, M.Y., Chan, F., & Ho, H. (2006). Vocational rehabilitation services as predictors of employment outcomes of clients with Traumatic Brain Injury. NeuroRehabilitation, 21 (4), 279-293.
Title:  Vocational rehabilitation services as predictors of employment outcomes of clients with Traumatic Brain Injury
Authors:  Catalano, D., Periera, A., Wu, M.Y., Chan, F., & Ho, H.
Year:  2006
Journal/Publication:  NeuroRehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  http://iospress.metapress.com/content/9brxgx7a8mn0mujj/fulltext.pdf   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  There are about 5.3 million people living with traumatic brain injuries (TBI) in the United States. Many are unemployed post TBI. Vocational rehabilitation services can help people with disabilities return to work. Vocational rehabilitation counselors need to be aware of best practices associated with serving individuals with TBI in order to effectively serve them.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of biographical factors, work disincentives, and vocational rehab services on employment outcomes in persons with TBI.
Setting:  The data was extracted from the RSA 911 data base. It was analyzed in a university setting.
Study sample:  The participants (N=7,366) data was pulled from the Rehabilitation Service Administration (RSA) 911 database in the United States. The sample was made up of 66% males and 34% females. Seventy-eight percent of the sample was European American, 12% African American, 7% Hispanic/Latino, 2% Native American, and 1% Asian American. The mean age of the participants was 36.8 years. Forty-one percent had completed high school and 10% had a college degree.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was mined from the RSA-911 database using the chi-squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID). CHAID uses a systematic algorithm to analyze interactions between biographical factors, work disincentives, and vocational rehab services on employment outcomes.
Findings:  White males who had used job search assistance, job placement assistance, and on the job support were most successful. Whereas, job search assistance, job placement, and on the job support improved employment outcomes in all the different racial/ethnic and gender specific groups.
Conclusions:  Vocational rehabilitation counselors should be aware of which services improved employment outcomes for individuals with TBI. They should also target limited funding resources in those areas.

Disabilities served:  Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Race: American Indian or Alaska Native
Race: Asian
Race: Black / African American
Race: White / Caucasian
Ethnicity: Hispanic or Latino
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Return to work