Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Wong, K., Chiu, L. P., Tang, S. W., Kan, H. K., Kong, C. L., Chu, H. W.,& Chiu, S. N. (2000). Vocational outcomes of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in a supported competitive employment program. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 14 (3), 247-256.
Title:  Vocational outcomes of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in a supported competitive employment program
Authors:  Wong, K., Chiu, L. P., Tang, S. W., Kan, H. K., Kong, C. L., Chu, H. W.,& Chiu, S. N.
Year:  2000
Journal/Publication:  Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/work/wor00094   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Quasi-experimental

Structured abstract:

Background:  Supported employment has emerged in recent years as a viable employment service alternative for individuals with chronic mental illness. Numerous reports demonstrate enhanced vocational outcomes in the areas of employment rate, job retention rate, job tenure, and earnings for individuals with chronic mental illness.
Purpose:  This study provides information about vocational outcomes of individuals with psychiatric disabilities participating in a supported competitive employment (SCE) program.
Setting:  The setting was a community based supported competitive employment program.
Study sample:  The sample was 458 individuals with chronic mental illness.
Intervention:  The intervention was the Individual Placement and Support model of supported employment.
Control or comparison condition:  The comparison condition was traditional Vocational Rehabilitation
Data collection and analysis:  Demographic and employment data was collected by the employment specialists during the study.
Findings:  Of the 458 subjects, 308 (67.3%) obtained competitive employment. The mean job tenure was 134 days. The mean salary was $4,740 for full-time jobs and was $2,321 for part-time jobs. The majority of subjects (59.4%) could sustain their job placement for more than 30 days, 74 (24.0%) subjects could work for more than six months, and 38 (12.3%) could maintain the job for more than one year.
Conclusions:  Subjects who became employed were compared to those who did not gain employment on a variety of demographic variables. Significant differences were found between two groups in terms of sex and source of referral. The rate of employment in the current study was slightly higher, but the job retention rate was lower than in earlier studies. Recommendations for future research on evaluation of the effectiveness of SCE program are suggested.

Disabilities served:  Chronic mental illness
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment
Increase in tenure
Wages