Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Wong, K. K., Chiu, R., Tang, B., Mak, D., Liu, J., & Chiu, S. N. (2008). A randomized controlled trial of a supported employment program for persons with long-term mental illness in Hong Kong. Psychiatric Services, 59 (1), 84-90.
Title:  A randomized controlled trial of a supported employment program for persons with long-term mental illness in Hong Kong
Authors:  Wong, K. K., Chiu, R., Tang, B., Mak, D., Liu, J., & Chiu, S. N.
Year:  2008
Journal/Publication:  Psychiatric Services
Publisher:  American Psychiatric Association
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1176/ps.2008.59.1.84
Full text:  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18182544   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Randomized controlled trial

Structured abstract:

Background:  Supported employment is an evidence-based practice that has proved to be consistently more effective than conventional vocational rehabilitation in helping people with severe mental illness find and sustain competitive employment. Most research on the effectiveness of supported employment comes from the United States.
Purpose:  This study examined the effectiveness and applicability of a supported employment program based on the individual placement and support model in a Hong Kong setting.
Setting:  The setting was community rehabilitation programs in Hong Kong.
Study sample:  Ninety-two unemployed individuals with long-term mental illness who desired competitive employment were randomly assigned to either a supported employment program or a conventional vocational rehabilitation program.
Intervention:  The intervention was the Individual Placement and Support model of supported employment.
Control or comparison condition:  Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation Services
Data collection and analysis:  Both vocational and non-vocational outcomes were measured in this study. Vocational outcomes include competitive employment rates, time to first job, total days employed, and total earnings. Non-vocational outcomes include self-perceived quality of life. Major assessments were conducted at baseline and at six and 18 month follow up points by the employment specialist.
Findings:  Over an 18 month study period, compared with participants in the conventional vocational rehabilitation program, those in the supported employment group were more likely to work competitively, held a greater number of competitive jobs, earned more income, worked more days and sustained longer job tenures.
Conclusions:  Consistent with previous research findings, the supported employment program was more effective than the conventional vocational rehabilitation program in helping individuals with long-term mental illness find and sustain competitive employment in a Hong Kong setting.

Disabilities served:  Chronic mental illness
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Race: Asian
Interventions:  Individual Placement and Support (IPS) model of supported employment
Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment
Increase in tenure
Wages