Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Kidd, S. A., Boyd, G. M., Bieling, P., Pike, S. & Kazarian-Keith, D. (2008). Effect of a vocationally-focused brief cognitive behavioural intervention on employment-related outcomes for individuals with mood and anxiety disorders. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 37 (4), 247-251.
Title:  Effect of a vocationally-focused brief cognitive behavioural intervention on employment-related outcomes for individuals with mood and anxiety disorders
Authors:  Kidd, S. A., Boyd, G. M., Bieling, P., Pike, S. & Kazarian-Keith, D.
Year:  2008
Journal/Publication:  Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Publisher:  Taylor & Francis
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/16506070802473189
Full text:  http://proxy.library.vcu.edu/login?url=http://www.tandfonline.com/d...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Single subject design

Structured abstract:

Background:  The topic of employment among persons with mental illness has become increasingly salient in the research literature, as practitioners identify both the benefits of employment to quality of life and the difficulties faced by persons with mental illness in obtaining and maintaining competitive positions (Bond, Drake, & Becker, 2008). These difficulties include the impact of symptoms on work task completion, difficulty coping with work stress, and the impact of interpersonal stressors (Becker et al., 1998).
Purpose:  The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a brief cognitive behavioral therapy group intervention that targets vocational stressors for individuals whose vocational functioning had been significantly impacted by mental illness.
Setting:  The setting was a community counseling center.
Study sample:  The study sample included 16 individuals with mood and anxiety disorder diagnoses.
Intervention:  The intervention was brief cognitive behavioral therapy.
Control or comparison condition:  There was no control or comparison condition.
Data collection and analysis:  Wilcoxon's signed rank test was used to test change as a result of the intervention.
Findings:  It was found that employed persons reported an improved sense of mastery in the completion of work tasks, improved satisfaction with work supervision, and decreased satisfaction with advancement and job security. Unemployed participants reported improved expectancy for employment success.
Conclusions:  Promising areas for future investigation include (a) examination of the outcomes of separate CBT interventions specifically tailored for employed and unemployed individuals; (b) examination of the impact of CBT interventions when paired with an evidence?based vocational intervention (e.g., supported employment), as has been suggested by others (e.g., Bond, 2004); and (c) examination of longer versions of this form of intervention (e.g., 8–10 sessions) to help to determine whether this would improve assimilation of materials/techniques and provide more opportunities to practice skills.

Disabilities served:  Anxiety disorder
Chronic mental illness
Depression
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Other
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment