Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Glavare, M., Lofgren, M., & Schult, M. L. (2012). Between unemployment and employment: Experience of unemployed long-term pain sufferers. Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, 43 (4), 475-485.
Title:  Between unemployment and employment: Experience of unemployed long-term pain sufferers
Authors:  Glavare, M., Lofgren, M., & Schult, M. L.
Year:  2012
Journal/Publication:  Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-1394
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/work/wor01394   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Quasi-experimental

Structured abstract:

Background:  Unemployment is a growing problem worldwide. In Sweden the employment rate in June 2010 was 9.8%. Studies in Sweden have produced evidence of positive effects for the rehabilitation of long-termed unemployed people, with or without disabilities. Long-term musculoskeletal pain is one of the three most common reasons for long-term sick absenteeism.
Purpose:  This study explored and analysed how patients experienced possibilities for, and barriers to, work return after participation in a multi-professional pain-rehabilitation program followed by a coached work-training program (CWT).
Setting:  The setting was a multi-professional pain rehabilitation program.
Study sample:  Eleven informants with long-term musculoskeletal pain who had participated in the CWT program for 4–21 months comprised the study.
Intervention:  The intervention was participation in pain-rehabilitation program and a coached work training program.
Control or comparison condition:  There was no control or comparison condition.
Data collection and analysis:  A qualitative emergent design was used. Data collected with interviews were analysed using the constant comparison method of grounded theory. Triangulation in researchers were used.
Findings:  The analyses of the interviews resulted in the development of a three-category theoretical model, which was named "a way back to work". The main category "Experience of a way back to work" consisted of the informants' experience during the process between unemployment and employment. The category "Support" describes the help the informants received from various actors, and the category "Negative response" describes negative responses from the actors involved, which was an important barrier in the process between unemployment and employment.
Conclusions:  Professional individualised support, participants feeling involved in their rehabilitation process, coaching at real workplaces and multi-professional team including health care personnel, were valuable during the process towards work.

Disabilities served:  Chronic pain
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  On-the-job training and support
Rehabilitation counseling
Other
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Return to work