Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Blonk, R. W., Brenninkmeijer, V., Lagerveld, S. E., & Houtman, I. L. (2006). Return to work: A comparison of two cognitive behavioral interventions in cases of work-related psychological complaints among the self-employed. Work & Stress, 20 (2), 129-144.
Title:  Return to work: A comparison of two cognitive behavioral interventions in cases of work-related psychological complaints among the self-employed
Authors:  Blonk, R. W., Brenninkmeijer, V., Lagerveld, S. E., & Houtman, I. L.
Year:  2006
Journal/Publication:  Work & Stress
Publisher:  Taylor & Francis
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370600856615
Full text:  http://proxy.library.vcu.edu/login?url=http://www.tandfonline.com/d...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Randomized controlled trial

Structured abstract:

Background:  The effectiveness of two cognitive behavioral interventions in cases of work related psychological complaints (such as anxiety, depression and burnout) among the self employed were investigated. One intervention was conducted by psychotherapists and involved extensive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The other intervention was delivered by "labor experts" and consisted of a brief CBT-derived intervention combined with both individual focused and workplace interventions.
Purpose:  The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of individual focused and workplace interventions.
Setting:  The setting for the intervention was either in the persons' homes or workplaces.
Study sample:  The study sample included 122 self employed people who had applied for sickness benefit from an insurance company.
Intervention:  The interventions were cognitive behavior therapy, workplace and individual-focused techniques.
Control or comparison condition:  The comparision condition was cognitive behavioral therapy.
Data collection and analysis:  Data was collected using scale for psychological complaints, return to work, working conditions and social support.
Findings:  Significant effects on partial and full return to work were found in favor of the combined intervention: partial return occurred 17 and 30 days earlier in this group than in the CBT group and the control group. For full return to work, the difference was approximately 200 days. A decrease in psychological complaints was present in each condition, but no significant interaction effects were found.
Conclusions:  The results suggest that work resumption should be addressed earlier in individuals receiving CBT.

Disabilities served:  Anxiety disorder
Depression
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Compensatory strategies
Non-psychological counseling
Psychological counseling
Outcomes:  Return to work