Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Burke, R.V., Allen, K.D., Howard, M.R., Downey, D., Matz, M.G., & Bowen, S.L. (2013). Tablet-based video modeling and prompting in the workplace for individuals with autism. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 38 (1), 1-14.
Title:  Tablet-based video modeling and prompting in the workplace for individuals with autism
Authors:  Burke, R.V., Allen, K.D., Howard, M.R., Downey, D., Matz, M.G., & Bowen, S.L.
Year:  2013
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes
Research design:  Single subject design

Structured abstract:

Background:  The number of adults with autism closed by Vocational Rehabilitation remains low. Employment rates for this group is the lowest for individuals with intellectual disabilities. For instance, the National Longitudinal Transition Study-2 reported that at two years post high school, only 28% of individuals with autism were employed (including competitive,supported, or sheltered employment.)
Purpose:  This article presents the findings from a preliminary study testing computer software across a range of employment settings for young adults with autism.
Setting:  The study took place in a manufacturing and shipping warehouse in a Midwestern city.
Study sample:  The study sample included four young men ages 19 to 28, with autism spectrum disorder. One young man was Asian American and the other three were European American. All were unemployed; three lived with their parents; one lived in a community-based group home.
Intervention:  A task analysis of the job was completed within the shipping department of the large manufacturing and shipping warehouse. The actual task was rental box shipping, which was reported as the most challenging of the shipping tasks due to the number of complex steps. A 13 minute, 10 second video was produced that depicted job responsibilities for the shipping tasks. This video had recorded voice overs to guide the user. The shipping task was then edited into 36 segments so that users could view portions of the task at a time. This video was loaded onto a software program called, VideoTote that was designed for an Android platform and made available to the study subjects on a Samsung Galaxy Tablet. The software was designed with universal design features.
Control or comparison condition:  This study was a single subject design, the subjects were their own controls.
Data collection and analysis:  Participants were asked to complete a shipping task that involved an average of 73 steps. The percentage of task steps completed correctly was calculated by dividing the number of relevant completed steps by the sum of relevant completed and relevant not completed steps and multiplying by 100.
Findings:  Results from this study suggest that the combination of video modeling during pre-employment training and on-the-job video prompting was helpful for individuals with autism when completing a complex shipping task.
Conclusions:  The current study provides preliminary evidence that use of the tablet-based VideoTote software was an effective video modeling and prompting intervention for individuals with ASD in competitive employment. The results suggest that for some individuals with autism, job coaches likely will remain necessary.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Populations served:  Gender: Male
Race: Asian
Race: White / Caucasian
Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Interventions:  On-the-job training and support
Outcomes:  Other