Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Martin, D., Chernoff, R., & Buitron, M. (2005). Tailoring a vocational rehabilitation program to the needs of people with HIV/AIDS: The Harbor-UCLA experience. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 22 (2), 95-103.
Title:  Tailoring a vocational rehabilitation program to the needs of people with HIV/AIDS: The Harbor-UCLA experience
Authors:  Martin, D., Chernoff, R., & Buitron, M.
Year:  2005
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
Full text:   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Randomized controlled trial

Structured abstract:

Background:  New treatments introduced in the early to mid-1990s have led to improved health and quality of life for many people with HIV/AIDS. These increased health and quality of life improvements have prompted some to consider workforce reentry.
Purpose:  The purpose of the paper is to provide an overview of the work done in the three study projects to assist people with HIV/AIDS in reentering the workforce.
Setting:  The setting was various community mental health centers.
Study sample:  Three projects were undertaken. The first included a series of focus groups of people with HIV/AIDS that had contemplated going back to work and a survey of HIV/AIDS case management clients. The second project was a 5 year demonstration program to integrate vocational rehabilitation services, psychosocial care, and HIV treatment. The program accepted referrals from community agencies in the Long Beach area of Los Angeles County. The third project was a clinical trial of an intervention to address issues observed in the demonstration project.
Intervention:  The intervention was vocational rehabilitation and job training services in conjunction with HIV/AIDS related services.
Control or comparison condition:  The control group received standard treatment conditions available in the community.
Data collection and analysis:  Participants are followed for 24 months by a case manager to gather employment data.
Findings:  Of the first forty-seven people randomized into the enhanced condition, over a third have made some measurable progress. The return to work rates of the two conditions have not been compared yet.
Conclusions:  There is a continued need for work force reentry services for individuals with HIV/AIDS.

Disabilities served:  HIV / AIDS
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Job search and placement assistance
Rehabilitation counseling
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition