Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Lidz, V., Sorrentino, D.,M., Robison,L., & Bunz, S. (2004). Learning from disappointing outcomes: An evaluation of prevocational interventions for methadone maintenance patients. Substance Use and Misuse, 39 (13), 2287-2308.
Title:  Learning from disappointing outcomes: An evaluation of prevocational interventions for methadone maintenance patients
Authors:  Lidz, V., Sorrentino, D.,M., Robison,L., & Bunz, S.
Year:  2004
Journal/Publication:  Substance Use and Misuse
Publisher:  Informa Healthcare
DOI:  https://doi.org/doi.org/10.1081/JA-200034631
Full text:  https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1081/JA-200034631   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Randomized controlled trial

Structured abstract:

Background:  Employment rates in the drug-dependent population are typically low. Obtaining employed work is viewed as basic to successful treatment and recovery. (p. 2288)
Purpose:  The goal of the study was to evaluate three pre-vocational training programs designed to be delivered as adjunct services for patients at methadone maintenance clinics.
Setting:  The setting was various community mental health centers.
Study sample:  A total of 417 subjects were enrolled at five methadone clinics between March 1995 and April 1998. They were enrolled in the study after completing 30 days of treatment at the clinics to ensure they were stable and familiar with clinic routines to effectively participate.
Intervention:  Subjects were assigned to either the Vocational Problem-Solving (VPS) program, the Job Seekers Workshop (JSW) , or a combination of VPS and JSW.
Control or comparison condition:  The employment outcomes of the 3 program groups were compared.
Data collection and analysis:  Employment data was collected at 6-month and 12-month follow up interviews.
Findings:  None of the three models produced significantly greater employment or better overall rehabilitation.
Conclusions:  This study suggests that closer integration of pre-vocational training with treatment, individualizing efforts to meet training needs, and providing support during job-finding and early job-holding might improve program effectiveness. (p. 2288)

Disabilities served:  Alcohol and drug abuse
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Interventions:  Rehabilitation counseling
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment
Part-time employment