Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Kaya, C.; Hsu, S.; Rumrill, P.D.; Hanley-Maxwell, C.; & Chan, F. (2021). Differential vocational rehabilitation service patterns and outcomes for transition-age youth with specific learning disabilities: Implications in the COVID-19 era. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 54 (1), 59-70.
Title:  Differential vocational rehabilitation service patterns and outcomes for transition-age youth with specific learning disabilities: Implications in the COVID-19 era
Authors:  Kaya, C.; Hsu, S.; Rumrill, P.D.; Hanley-Maxwell, C.; & Chan, F.
Year:  2021
Journal/Publication:  Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Publisher:  IOS Press
DOI:  https://doi.org/10.3233/JVR-201118
Full text:  https://content.iospress.com/articles/journal-of-vocational-rehabil...   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  Yes

Structured abstract:

Background:  It is essential to ensure that youth with specific learning disabilities (SLD) receive an appropriate type and amount of vocational rehabilitation (VR) services to facilitate their entrance to employment and career development.
Data collection and analysis:  In this study, the chi-squared automatic interaction detector (CHAID) analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to investigate the relationship among demographic variables, VR services, and employment outcomes for transition-age youth with SLD.
Findings:  Results indicated that age, gender, race, educational level, and cash benefits from the Social Security Administration were significant predictors of employment outcomes for transition-age youth with SLD. After controlling for the effects of demographic variables, job and training related services had significant relationships with employment outcomes. Most notably, job placement, occupational/vocational training, and on-the-job support services had the strongest relationships with competitive employment outcomes.
Conclusions:  These findings support the effectiveness of job-related services and supported employment for transition-age youth with SLD. Implications for future research and practice in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic are discussed.

Disabilities served:  Cognitive / intellectual impairment
Developmental disabilities
Learning disabilities
Multiple disabilities
Populations served:  Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Transition-age students (14 - 22)
Interventions:  Natural supports
On-the-job training and support
Vocational rehabilitation
Accommodations / modifications
Customized employment
Transition services
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition
Full-time employment