Article Details

Research Database: Article Details

Citation:  Migliore, A., Timmons, J., Butterworth, J., & Lugas, J. (2012). Predictors of employment and postsecondary education of youth with autism. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 55 (3), 176-184.
Title:  Predictors of employment and postsecondary education of youth with autism
Authors:  Migliore, A., Timmons, J., Butterworth, J., & Lugas, J.
Year:  2012
Journal/Publication:  Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin
Publisher:  Sage
Full text:    |   PDF   
Peer-reviewed?  Yes
NIDILRR-funded?  No
Research design:  Database mining

Structured abstract:

Background:  The increasing numbers of students diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), exiting school an seeking Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) services has sparked interest in research of predictors of employment success.
Purpose:  The purpose of this study was to identify predictors or employment success for students with ASD who use VR services in transition from school to adulthood. Predictors included both demographic and specific VR service categories.
Setting:  This study included individuals with disabilities served by multiple vocational rehabilitation agencies in various settings.
Study sample:  The study sample consisted of 2,913 youth and young adults who received VR services during the transition period from school to adulthood. Ages at application for services ranged from 16 to 26, and none were employed at application.
Intervention:  Interventions were the following service categories used in the VR RSA 911 data set: Assessment, counseling and guidance, job readiness training, job search, job placement, on-the-job supports, college, miscellaneous training, and “other services.”
Control or comparison condition:  There was no control or comparison condition.
Data collection and analysis:  Data collection for the RSA 911 data system is initiated at the time of application and ends at case closure. The system includes client demographic variables, service delivery variables, and outcome variables. Stepwise backward binary logistic regression was used to test the relationships between the predictors and the outcomes that were measured as categorical variables — integrated employment and 0ostsecondary education improvement.
Findings:  The odds of achieving competitive employment were greater for youth who received job placement services. However, only 48% of youth with ASD received this service. In addition, postsecondary education was among the strongest predictors of better earnings, yet only 10% of youth received college services.
Conclusions:  The study's findings provide evidence that job placement services and college services can improve employment outcomes for youth with autism. They recommend that VR agencies offer those services to more youth with autism.

Disabilities served:  Autism / ASD
Populations served:  Gender: Female and Male
Transition-age youth (14 - 24)
Interventions:  Vocational rehabilitation
Outcomes:  Employment acquisition